Encrustation is part of a long-term research project studying the relationship between barnacles and the surface they colonise. The tiles where commissioned by Dr. Larissa Naylor of Glasgow University. They are designed to attract a uniform settlement of barnacles. The design features both vertical and horizontal grooves and topographic fluctuations that create the typical barnacle shapes. The alternating direction of the grooves has the scientific goal of enabling some grooves to be washed in the direction of waves and others to be perpendicular to this, to enhance the likelihood of settlement by cyprid barnacles. The tiles are designed to create a continuous pattern when placed side by side.
*Encrustation is the collective noun used for barnacle colonies.